America’s freight railroads serve nearly every agricultural, industrial, wholesale, retail and resource-based sector of our economy.

Operating over a nearly 140,000-mile network in 49 states, they give their customers competitive access to global markets and greatly improve our standard of living. Freight railroads are indispensable to our economy. That’s why a freight rail shutdown idling more than 7,000 long-distance Class I trains per day, in addition to short line, passenger and commuter trains would be devastating. Today, tens of thousands of rail customer locations — from sprawling auto plants to mom-and-pop retailers — depend on railroads to deliver raw materials and finished products.

If these and other rail shipments were halted, the loss in economic output would likely be at least $2 billion per day.


In the first half of 2022, more than 75,000 carloads and intermodal containers and truck trailers began their rail journey each day. For most rail customers, a switch in the short term to trucks or barges to replace rail service would be costly and disruptive. About 467,000 additional long-haul trucks per day would be needed to handle the freight. Currently, neither the trucks nor the truck drivers necessary to meet this demand are available. In addition to freight impacts, a freight rail shutdown would halt most passenger and commuter rail services.

  • 39,000 shipping containers and truck trailers: A single container or trailer on a railcar can contain 2,000 UPS packages, tens of thousands of bananas or hundreds of flat-screen televisions. A rail shutdown would slow or halt these shipments.
  • 5,300 carloads of raw plastics, fertilizers and other chemicals: A single loaded railcar of plastic pellets can make around two million two-liter soda bottles, while a railcar of fertilizer is enough to treat around 4,500 acres of farmland. Chemicals are essential to public health, clean water, our domestic food supply stability and reliable electricity generation. A rail shutdown would quickly and directly impact our everyday lives.
  • 6,300 railcars of food and farm products: A single loaded railcar contains enough wheat for 260,000 loaves of bread. Rail also transports one-third of U.S. grain exports, which are especially important today considering global grain disruptions caused by the war in Ukraine.
  • More than 2,000 carloads carrying 75% of all newly finished automobiles: Every day, tens of thousands of motor vehicles begin their rail journey to car dealerships. Since auto­makers typically use just-in-time production techniques and keep little inventory on hand, an interruption in rail service would quickly disrupt auto production.
  • Passenger and commuter rail services operate mainly on freight railroad tracks: Freight railroads own and maintain nearly 97% of the tracks on Amtrak’s nearly 22,000-mile system. A freight railroad shutdown would devastate Amtrak operations just as ridership is starting to return. Since half of commuter rail systems operate at least partially on tracks or rights of way owned by freight railroads, a shutdown would also disrupt hundreds of thousands of commuter daily rail trips across the country.