- The Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency (CREATE) Program is an innovative public-private partnership involving BNSF, Canadian Pacific, Canadian National, CSX, Norfolk Southern, Union Pacific Railroad, Amtrak, Metra, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), the state of Illinois, the city of Chicago and Cook County.
- Launched in 2003, the $4.6 billion plan includes 70 projects (29 of which are already complete) to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of Chicago’s freight, commuter and intercity passenger rail.
- The 75th Street Corridor Improvement Project (CIP) will reduce congestion where 30 Metra trains, roughly 90 freight trains and two Amtrak trains cross each other daily.
- The DOT expects freight rail traffic to grow 37% by 2040; the CREATE program — along with ongoing freight rail investments — will help the Chicago region to handle up to 50,000 more freight trains annually by 2051.
- WGN9: How a $4 Billion Plan Could Untangle Chicago’s Rail System & Speed Commutes
- Chicago Tribune: New Rail & Road Projects Will Untie Some Tricky South Side Knots
- SmartCitiesDive: Fixing Chicago’s Freight Rail Congestion
Chicago’s location in the center of America is as important as the human heart in the body.
Each day, nearly 500 freight trains and 760 passenger trains pass through the region, moving the goods and people that help pump life into the national economy. For 150 years, Chicago has remained the nation’s busiest rail hub. Today, it is the world’s third most active rail intermodal hub with 25% of U.S. freight rail traffic and 46% of all intermodal traffic beginning, ending or traveling through Chicago. In fact, an astounding 22,000 lifts (every time a container is moved onto or off a train) happen each day at the Chicago terminal.
As freight rail volumes and demand for passenger rail service continue to rise, Chicago has also become the largest U.S. rail chokepoint.
The Solution: An Unprecedented Public-Private Partnership
To improve the flow of trains through the rail heart of America, the region’s six Class I railroads joined forces with Amtrak, Metra, the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Cook County Department of Transportation and Highways, and the Chicago Department of Transportation to form the CREATE Program. Launched in 2003, the $4.6 billion plan involves 70 critical rail and highway infrastructure improvement projects in northeastern Illinois to enhance the efficiency and safety of the region’s rail network.
Enhancing Capacity & Economic Growth
The CREATE program, combined with ongoing annual freight railroad investments, will help the Chicago region handle up to 50,000 more freight trains annually by 2051, which is good news because the DOT expects freight rail traffic to grow 37% by 2040.
Improvements to the Chicago regional rail system will help keep freight on trains instead of diverting it to trucks, which operate on increasingly-congested, crumbling highways. CREATE will also help improve the region’s economy by adding an estimated 44,000 jobs and generating $31.5 billion in economic benefits over the next three decades.
The Chicago Integrated Rail Operations Center (CIROC): Managing New Capacity through Technology
Effectively managing the heart of the rail network takes more than just new infrastructure, it takes meticulous, coordinated planning across all railroads to efficiently manage operations. The Chicago Integrated Rail Operations Center (CIROC) is the brain that helps make that possible. This 24/7 command center allows railroads to continually watch real-time information fed in from sensors placed across the network. Using cutting-edge computer programs, different railroad companies work together to
- Anticipate potential operational problems.
- Forecast events that reduce speed and capacity such as severe weather.
- Review train routing and schedules.
- Mobilize the right equipment, materials and personnel to keep trains efficiently moving through the city, especially during rush hour.
The 75th Corridor Improvement Project (CIP): Keeping Passengers & Freight Moving
CREATE is addressing what is one of the most congested points in Chicago and the national rail network. The 75th Street Corridor Improvement Project (CIP) will reduce congestion where 30 Metra trains, roughly 90 freight trains and two Amtrak trains cross each other daily. The project will also benefit freight customers, reduce emissions due to train idling and will eliminate 3.5 hours of daily road closures for drivers.
The DOT awarded an Infrastructure For Rebuilding America (INFRA) grant that completed the funding needs for roughly half of the entire 75th Street CIP in June 2018. In addition, the CREATE partners are funding 100% of the remaining engineering and design costs for the second phase of the 75th Street CIP.
Improving Safety & Relieving Congestion
Safety is a never-ending pursuit for the freight rail industry. As part of the 70 CREATE projects, 25 will separate crossings with new roadway overpasses and underpasses at locations where pedestrian, auto and emergency vehicles travel over railroad tracks at grade level. Six projects will implement new rail overpasses or underpasses to separate passenger and freight train tracks. These improvements will allow emergency vehicles to move more efficiently, keep pedestrians and drivers off the tracks and save commuters 230,000 hours annually in grade crossing delays.
Driving America’s Global Competitiveness
At least 42% of rail carloads are directly associated with international trade and Chicago is the primary hub where six Class I railroads carry billions of tons of goods annually to and from east and west coast U.S. ports. According to the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP), exports from Illinois have more than doubled in the past decade and the DOT predicts the volume of imported and exported goods transported via rail to, from or through Chicago will increase nearly 150% between 2010 and 2040.
Infrastructure improvements planned through the CREATE Program are critical to fully unlocking the potential of the national freight rail system to meet this future demand.